The main and famous central heritage attraction in Myanmar is Bagan, the ancient city of 9th century. It was the capital of first Myanmar Empire founded by King Anawratha (1044-1077 AD). Bagan is situated on the eastern bank of the Ayeyarwaddy River in the central plains of Myanmar. Bagan covers an area of 42 sq-km containing over 2000 religious edifices. The Majority of these well preserved temples and pagodas offer rich archaeological heritage from the 11th to 13th centuries era. Bagan’s richness in cultural heritage is comparable with Angkor Wat of Combodia and Borobudur of Indonesia. Among the significant temples and pagodas are Ananda Temple, Thatbyinnyu Temple, Gubyaukgyi temple, Htilominlo Temple, Dhammayangyi Temple and Shwezigon Pagoda.
About 67km southeast of Bagan is Mount Popa, an extinct volcano over 1,500 metres high, rising out of the plains. It is famed as the abode of the Mahagiri Nats or Spirit gods to whom the Kings of Bagan paid annual homage and their shrines can be seen at a nearby rocky crag. Mount Popa area is also a National Park for eco-tourism.